Archaeologists told about the found ancient menorah

Archaeologists told about the found ancient menorah

The researcher told the world about the probable origin of the ancient discovery.

According to an article by Dr. Dvir Raviva of Bar Ilan University, recently published in the journal “The New York Times,” a rare engraving with the image of the menorah, a lamp with seven branches, standing in the temple in Jerusalem, may relate to the era of the Maccabees rebellion in Hanukkah history, writes WIN.

The graffito in the form of a menorah, about 40 cm wide and 30 cm high, was discovered in the 1980s during a survey of the Benjamin area in a tomb on the outskirts of the village of Muhmas, northeast of Jerusalem.

Because of the rare use of the temple menorah as an artistic decoration during the Second Temple period prior to the Bar Kochba Uprising and based on the study of its characteristics, Raviv believes that graffito is related to the temple priests.

Raviv suggests that this place was a settlement of priests in the period of the Second Temple and / or between two rebellions against Rome (70-132 AD).

Due to the difficulty of accurately dating the graffito menorah and the lack of clear indications of the presence of priests in Muhmah during the Second Temple, we can refer the decoration of the menorah to the family of priests who settled there after the destruction of the temple before the Bar Kohba uprising, Raviv said.

The engraving of Muhmas also resembles two paintings of the menorah found in the nearby Al-Aliliyat caves, which served as a shelter and refuge both during the Second Temple and the Jewish uprisings against Rome.

However, Raviv said that there is further evidence that Muhms were a settlement of priests during the Second Temple.

Although today Muhmas is an Arab village, its existence as a Jewish village long before the Arab occupation is mentioned in ancient texts.

In the Mishna, the code of Jewish laws, in Menahot 8:1, this place is called Mihmas. It is said that the most selected flour for sacrifices in the temple came from this area, which indicates that in ancient times priests lived there.

Another source that may hint at the presence of priests in Muhmas as early as Channukah is the description of Jonathan, a brother of Judas Maccabees, who settled in Mihmas, as described in 1 Maccabees 9:73.

“It is possible that Jonathan’s decision to settle in Muhmas and establish his status in Judea was due, among other things, to the fact that the locals were priests, who constituted a significant part of the social elite in Judea during the Second Temple,” Raviv said.