The myth about human immunodeficiency virus transmission from a mosquito bite was debunked by Alexander Pronin, chief freelance specialist on the diagnosis and treatment of HIV infection in the Moscow region.
According to him, it is necessary to know the ways of HIV infection. There are three of them in total. “When blood containing the virus gets into the bloodstream of a healthy person, first of all, of course, we are talking about … blood contacts when using common instruments when sharing psychoactive substances for non-medical purposes, in other words, drugs,” Pronin said.
The second option of transmission is through unprotected sexual contact. Here, the likelihood of infection depends on perceived risks: the more sexual partners and unprotected contact, the higher the risk. Sharing drugs also leads to more risky behavior compared to the consequences of taking non-injecting psychoactive substances. It can also lead to changes in sexual behavior.
The last method is from mother to child. But now there are proven methods and algorithms to prevent this disease, which, coupled with extensive antiretroviral treatment, minimizes transmission of HIV and results in healthy births, Pronin said. There are no other ways, the infectious disease doctor emphasized.