The U.S. is not clearly interfering in the situation in the Caucasus, but is sending signals to other countries with influence in the region about the future policy of Washington in this direction. The Turkish edition of Milliyet reports about this.
The newspaper reported that in March, one of the leaders of the Bureau of European and Eurasian Affairs of the US Department of State, George Kent, delivered a speech at the Caspian Policy Center in Washington, voicing the main objectives for the American side in the Caucasus. He said in particular that Washington should get involved in the process of regulation of Nagorno Karabakh, where at the moment Russia, China and Iran have strong positions and are pursuing their own interests. Kent also said that the U.S. would continue to provide strategic support for “peace and security” in the Caucasus.
In turn, former U.S. Ambassador to Azerbaijan Robert Cekuta also drew attention to Russia’s military presence in the region, in particular, in Armenia, which “causes concern. He opined that the U.S. ought to take an active part in efforts to establish peace in the region and try to play a leading role in the process. Director of the Caspian Policy Center Efgan Nifti also stressed the necessity of U.S. cooperation with Turkey in the Caucasus.
Thus, Milliyet notes that Washington is trying to show other countries, first of all, Russia, that it “still has eyes and ears in the region” and that it is ready “if necessary, to take desired steps particularly in the field of energy security and economy without giving up anything.
Last November, The National Interest wrote that U.S. intelligence made three serious mistakes during the recent military conflict in Nagorno Karabakh that noticeably weakened the U.S. position in the region. According to the newspaper, one of them was that U.S. intelligence officers failed to foresee the deployment of Russian peacekeepers to Nagorno Karabakh.
In 1991, predominantly Armenian-populated Nagorno Karabakh declared independence from Azerbaijan, which had been part of the Soviet Union. The war began. In 1994, a ceasefire was concluded, which was periodically violated.
On 27 September 2020, fighting broke out on the demarcation line between Azerbaijan and the unrecognized Nagorno-Karabakh Republic (NKR). They continued until November 10, when Baku, Yerevan and Moscow adopted a joint statement on a cease-fire. As a result of the war, Azerbaijan regained a number of territories it had lost in the 1990s.