The world was solving an important problem, is it possible to put up with
the emergence of the state, which was based not on worship of wealth or wealth, but on the primacy of labor, but the Kennedy family was faced with another problem – much simpler, but which could not be dismissed. In high society, Boston Kennedy were outcasts. Yes, Rose Kennedy’s father – John Fitzgerald – was elected mayor of the city several times, Joseph Kennedy was rich and grew richer, but this did not help. Boston was considered the Athens of America, but it was also a city of intolerance. Most recently, he was famous for such inscriptions at the entrances to the parks: “Dogs and Irish are not allowed.”
The local aristocracy – WASP: whites, Anglo-Saxons, Protestants – considered Kennedy upstarts. And their children in Boston did not shine.
This is actually not the case. The youngest president of the United States in 1901 was Theodore Roosevelt. But John Fitzgerald Kennedy was the youngest elected president. And also the first and only Catholic in the White House.
He was the second child in the family of Joseph and Rose Kennedy, an American Catholic Catholic, and was born in the suburbs of Boston Brooklyn on May 29, 1917, the year the world changed dramatically. The First World War was raging, and in Russia there was one revolution, and a few months later the second.
So Kennedy was forced to leave the most enlightened city in the United States and go to New York. At the same time, they first rented, and then bought a large house in the small village of Hyannis Port on the Cape Cod Peninsula. For nearly 100 years, this house has been the center of life for a large and noisy family.
John F. Kennedy was never healthy. He was constantly ill, he missed his studies every now and then, but this does not mean that he did not have energy – mainly for practical jokes and leprosy. In his youth, he was very thin, so that about him one could quite say: “He walks and thunders with bones.”
Writers and poets later quite romantically described his childhood and youth. Here, for example, Evgeny Yevtushenko “Under the skin of the Statue of Liberty”:
“I’m Kennedy John Fitzgerald,
and once was little Johnny.
Since childhood, I have not played with dolls,
and in soldiers, guns, battleships.
And – I remember – I asked
smeared over the ears in jam:
why did they kill Lincoln? “
And mom is a question
for some reason did not consider childish nonsense
and thinking how to answer
and precisely and simply
smoothing the vortices with a sigh:
that he was tall. “
But these are poets, and, judging by the testimonies of relatives and friends, for a long time John was not at all interested in the problems of the past. He was more interested in the present and future. In the 1930s, together with his university friend Lem Billings, he traveled to almost all of Europe and was fascinated by the changes taking place there.
You can say: “I found something to be fascinated with! Actually, not too joyful processes were taking place there.”
And that will be true. But … American students saw something else – the world is changing. Right-left – for the time being, they did not care. The main thing is that the world did not stand still.
True, when it turned out that the Western world was completely unprepared for these changes, John F. Kennedy was shocked. He devoted his thesis to the Munich agreement, when the Western powers actually surrendered Czechoslovakia to Hitler, allowing them to occupy the Sudetenland.
This work was not too different from other student work – a lot of statistics, a lot of effort, not the best syllable, but the teachers recognized that there were sound thoughts in the work too. Through the efforts of father John, the thesis under the spectacular title “Why did England sleep?” was published as a separate book, received the approval of the New York Times, and brought the young Kennedy a decent fee.
Meanwhile, the world was rapidly slipping into a world war, and when it began, the men of the family wished to serve their country in a military theater of action.
Joseph Kennedy was denied age. John had health problems. And now – a funny situation! – thanks to his father, who raised all his ties, John was still able to break into military service. At first it was a job at the Naval Intelligence Agency in Washington. But John was not enough – he wanted to fight. And he got his way. He was trained as an officer and gained skills in controlling a torpedo boat. True, the control of the boat did not guarantee him participation in the hostilities. I had to reuse the connection. Someone uses connections to not serve. Kennedy used connections to go to war.
Junior Lieutenant John Kennedy commanded a torpedo boat RT-109. On the night of August 2, 1943, the Japanese destroyer Amagiri rammed a Kennedy boat. Two crew members died immediately, and the rest were saved thanks to the courage and resourcefulness of Kennedy.