Launching to the current window is especially important for the UAE, since in December 2021 marks the 50th anniversary of their founding, and the residents of the emirates want to celebrate this event with something truly grandiose. At the end of 2013, UAE Prime Minister Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum asked the country’s leading rocket and space engineers to complete an ambitious space mission by 2021 to mark this event.
The UAE space program has only been in operation for the past 14 years, and its main focus is on the creation and launch of Earth remote sensing satellites (ERS). As part of the upcoming mission, UAE space engineers were to design for the first time a spacecraft capable of coping with the harsh journey through interplanetary space, for which partnerships were established with the best specialists in this field around the world.
Most spacecraft sent to study Mars are engaged in analyzing the geology of the planet by obtaining high-resolution images of the planet’s surface. Only a few Mars satellites are equipped with instruments for studying the planet’s atmosphere, including the NASA MAVEN spacecraft and the European space agency Trace Gas Orbiter, but no mission has been able to get a global view of the lower layers of the Martian atmosphere and learn how the weather changes throughout the year . Two instruments on board the HOPE will analyze the planet in the infrared and ultraviolet spectra, while the thermal imager will take color images of the planet in the visible range.
As a result, after 6 years of hard work, the team brought the project to launch on Mars, which the whole world could observe. The probe starts from the Tenagashima cosmodrome in Japan on the Japanese launch vehicle H-IIA. After about 200 days, in early February 2021, the device will reach the Red Planet. If everything goes smoothly, the first HOPE data will be sent to Earth in May. The project team will provide the information received to the entire international scientific community without an embargo, which, by the way, is very rare for space missions.