The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) presented updated principles for the exploration of the Moon.
This was reported on Twitter by the director of NASA, Jim Brydenstein.
He noted that the U.S. relies on partnerships with several countries.
“When we get to the Moon again, it is important to have a basic foundation for research with which everyone agrees. And if you agree with those principles, of course we would be happy to have you on Artemis. NASA has worked with the State Department and the National Space Council to develop the rules,” Brydenstein said.
The document was called the “Artemis Accords”. This is a new set of standards and principles for the exploration of the moon. In addition to studying the Earth’s satellite, the US plans to determine how to extract resources from its surface and how to protect “heritage sites”.
The agreement is named after the American lunar program Artemis.
In developing the agreement, the U.S. took as a basis the 1967 Outer Space Treaties. Their goal is “to create a safe and transparent environment that will facilitate research, scientific and commercial activities on the Moon for all mankind.
NASA’s principles for lunar exploration
All principles are published on the official website of the agency.
According to the program, it is planned to land the first woman and the next man on the moon in 2024.
- Peaceful purposes (activities will be carried out for peaceful purposes in accordance with the principles of the Outer Space Treaty).
- Transparency (partner countries of Artemis Accords will have to follow this principle by publicly describing their own policies and plans).
- Interaction (partner countries are encouraged to use open international standards, develop new standards where necessary and strive to maintain interoperability).
- Emergency Assistance (NASA and partner countries will be responsible for the rescue and return of astronauts and launched objects).
- Registration of space objects (Artemis Accords enhances the critical nature of registration).
- Publication of scientific data (Artemis Accords partners will agree to follow NASA’s example by publicizing their scientific data to ensure that the whole world can benefit from Artemis’ travel and research).
- Heritage protection (protecting historical sites and artefacts will be as important in space as it is on Earth).
- Space resources (the ability to extract and use resources on the Moon, Mars and asteroids will be crucial to ensure safe and sustainable space exploration and exploitation. The extraction and use of space resources can and will be carried out under the auspices of the Outer Space Treaty, with special emphasis on articles II, VI and XI).
- Cessation of operations (NASA and partner countries will provide public information on the location and general nature of operations that will inform the extent of “safe zones”).
- Orbital debris and spacecraft disposal (NASA and partner countries will agree to plan for the reduction of orbital debris, including the safe, timely and efficient disposal of debris and spacecraft at the end of their missions).
- Earlier, U.S. President Donald Trump ordered to allocate an additional $1.6 billion to the development of the Moon and Mars. NASA will receive funding.