2 miles from Stonehenge, archaeologists have discovered a new Neolithic monument (10 – 3rd millennium BC. E.), created around the settlement of its builders
It is reported by the British edition of The Guardian.
The day before, archaeologists discovered a new architectural monument of the Neolithic era. We are talking about mines dug more than 4.5 thousand years ago around the settlement of Darrington Walls, where the builders of Stonehenge lived.
A consortium of archaeologists from the universities of Bradford, Birmingham, St. Andrews and the University of Vienna participated in the study of the newly discovered object. Henry Chapman, a professor of archeology at the University of Birmingham, called the open-minded “incredible,” and Richard Bates, a geologist at the University of St Andrews, said the monument gives an idea of how complex the Stonehenge Builders Society was.
Currently, about 20 such mines have been identified, but experts suggest that there were more than 30 of them. Excavations in places where other mines are supposed to be located are difficult due to the fact that these sites are currently populated.
“This is an unprecedented find of great importance to the UK. The main researchers of Stonehenge and its landscape were amazed at the scale of the structure and the fact that so far it has not been discovered.
The size of the shafts and the contour surrounding Darrington is unique. This demonstrates the importance of the Darrington Walls Henge, the complexity of the monumental structures in the Stonehenge landscape, as well as the ability and desire of Neolithic communities to write down their cosmological belief systems in ways and on a scale that we had never expected before. I cannot but pay attention to the efforts that would be required to dig such large mines using tools made of stone, wood and bone, ”said the lead archaeologist of the project, Professor Vincent Gaffney.
Гаффни отметил, что находка свидетельствует о том, что ранние жители Великобритании разработали собственный способ подсчета, построение чего-либо такого размера требовало тщательного планирования.
В настоящее время неизвестно, с какой целью эти шахты могли быть вырыты. Предполагается, что граница, образованная шахтами, могла направлять людей к священному месту, расположенному в центре поселения, или же наоборот — предостерегала от проникновения в него.