A new outbreak of bird flu was found in Japan. The outbreak was recorded at one of the poultry farms in the south-west of the country. And a week ago, Danish farmers reported about the disease of their birds. There, the authorities ordered the destruction of almost 25 thousand chickens.
In Japan, this infection is recognized from afar – another hotbed of bird flu. Farmers in Fukuoka prefecture will have to kill 93 thousand chickens, and biosafety specialists will have to cultivate hundreds of square meters of land.
In the land of the Rising Sun for the second time in a month. In early November, in western Kagawa Prefecture, four thousand chickens died from bird flu per day. The disease appeared on two unrelated farms. Then the owners of the farms had to kill almost a million birds.
Avian influenza is an acute infectious viral disease. Chickens and turkeys are most sensitive to it. The disease is caused by migratory birds. For example, wild ducks. Unlike domestic ones, they are resistant to this virus. Avian influenza can be transmitted to humans through contact with sick animals or through raw foods – meat and eggs from sick birds. The most dangerous thing in this case is mutations. This was the case during the outbreak of Middle East respiratory syndrome, swine flu and the COVID-19 coronavirus.
“This is a natural focal disease. This is zooanthroponosis. Natural reservoir – bats, small rodents, dogs. This is inevitable, the human population is in constant dynamic equilibrium with the microcosm, ”said Gennady Onishchenko, epidemiologist, chief sanitary doctor of the Russian Federation (1996 – 2013).
In October, due to bird flu, Kazakhstan even had to introduce quarantine. Six regions of the republic were closed. Almost half a million heads of poultry were killed. The virus was stopped thanks to the mass vaccination of birds.
The ten-kilometer “exclusion zone” still remains around one of the Danish farms. There, on November 17, a hotbed of highly contaminated avian influenza – H5N8 – broke out. Due to the epidemic, local farmers had to destroy almost 25 thousand chickens. The country has suspended the export of eggs and poultry meat outside the EU for three months.