Whether they will retain the majority depends on the outcome of the second round of elections in Georgia.
Alaska Republican Senator Dan Sullivan secured re-election, which means that the Republicans won at least 50 seats in the 100-seat Senate for the next two years.
Thus, the question of who will control the Senate will be resolved only after the second round of elections in two constituencies of Georgia in early January.
After a slow vote count in the most northeastern state of the United States after the November 3 election, the media concluded that Sullivan had gained an undeniable advantage over Al Gross, an orthopedic surgeon who ran as an independent candidate supported by Democrats.
According to the voting results, conservative Sullivan was 20 percentage points ahead of his opponent.
Now that Republicans have won at least half of the Senate seats, all attention has shifted to the second round of elections, which will be held in Georgia on January 5.
Two incumbent conservative Republican senators, David Purdue and Kelly Lefler, failed to garner a majority last week, leading to the announcement of the second round.
Purdue is opposed by Democrat John Ossoff, an investigative journalist who lacked a few votes to win the 2017 House elections, after which he tried to win Purdue’s seat in the Senate, which he has held since 2015.
Raphael Warnock, a progressive democrat and senior pastor at Avenue Ezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, is a rival to Lefleur, who was appointed to the Senate in early 2020.
As a result of last week’s vote, Warnock came out in first place, but he was far from the majority. Lefleur took the second place. Purdue outpaced Ossoff by a slight margin, but the third candidate received enough votes for neither Purdue nor Ossoff to get 50 percent.
Thus, the Democrats managed to retain at least 48 seats after they lost one and gained two in last week’s vote.
If the Republicans manage to retain at least one seat in Georgia, they will have a majority in the Senate over the next two years. But if both Ossoff and Warnock win there, the Republicans and Democrats will divide the Senate in exactly half, each gaining 50 seats.
If the votes in the Senate are equally divided, the vice president, in this case the elected vice president Kamala Harris, has the casting vote.