Scientists have found that the ancient inhabitants of Europe of the species Homo Sapiens had a closer relationship with Neanderthals than previously thought.
Paleontologist Vivien Elephant from Tel Aviv University said that was examined the genome of the early European humans (45,000 years old), which showed that ancient humans interbred with Neanderthals. Paleontologist noted that the fact that people had close ties with their relatives in ancient times has long been known, and the new study shows that it was so in Europe.
During the research, the remains of early Paleolithic humans found in caves in Bulgaria and the Czech Republic were studied. Neanderthal DNA was found in the DNA of these remains. In the genomes of the ancient humans found in Bulgaria, Neanderthal DNA was 3.4%-3.8%, compared with 2% for modern non-Africans.
Researchers including molecular biologist Mateja Heidinyak and paleogeneticist Johannes Krause (Germany) and geneticist Svante Paabo (Sweden) believe that each Bulgarian man had Neanderthal ancestors about six or seven generations ago in Europe, not in the Middle East or Eurasia, as previously thought. The woman found in the Czech Republic had a Neanderthal ancestor within the last 70 to 80 generations, which is about 2,000 to 3,000 years ago.
The study notes that these people are not related to later Europeans, meaning that at some point their lineage disappeared from the region.