Drinking water in normal amounts for middle-aged people can reduce the risk of heart failure in the long term
This conclusion was made by scientists from the National Institutes of Health (NIH).
According to the European Society of Cardiology (ESC), most people do not meet the recommended daily fluid intake of 1.6 to 2.1 liters for women and 2 to 3 liters for men.
Dehydration ultimately leads to the development of heart failure. At the NIH, scientists analyzed the condition of 15,792 adults. The researchers also examined the relationship between hydration and thickening of the walls of the heart’s main pumping chamber.
The participants were divided into four groups based on their mean serum sodium concentration at the first and second visits. Then, in each group, the researchers looked at the proportion of people who developed heart failure and left ventricular hypertrophy at the fifth visit 25 years later.
High serum sodium levels remained significantly associated with heart failure and left ventricular hypertrophy after adjusting for other factors responsible for the disease, including age and blood pressure.
Research shows that maintaining good hydration can prevent or at least slow down the changes in the heart that lead to heart failure.