The Big Bang Theory: How Islands Are Born

The Big Bang Theory: How Islands Are Born

An exciting process in the video is the eruption of the Kavachi volcano, one of the most active underwater volcanoes in the Solomon Islands. As a result of its eruption, a new island was formed on the surface of the ocean. Unfortunately, it did not last long, like most islands of this type. However, not all volcanic islands await oblivion. Over the past 150 years, several volcanic islands have appeared on Earth, which have existed for more than several months. And some, according to experts, will live for several decades!

Among them is the island of Surtsey. It arose on November 14, 1963, after the eruption of an underwater volcano southwest of the Vestmannaeyjar Islands. After a good hundred eruptions, by 1967, the island’s area was 2.7 square meters. km. Unfortunately, by 2000, erosion and ocean waves left only 1.5 square meters of the island. km. But they turned out to be enough to provide shelter for seven dozen species of mosses and lichens, 12 species of birds, as well as seals that have chosen its shores. Surtsey is included in the List of World Natural Heritage Sites.

Another “newborn” – the island of Hunga Tonga-Hunga Haapai – was born at the end of January 2015. And immediately attracted the attention of researchers who rushed to its still not solidified firmament to analyze the soil. According to NASA experts, the island’s surface resembles the surface of Mars before the oceans disappeared from it and volcanic processes stopped. Scientists suggest that Hunga Tonga-Hunga Haapai will live from 6 to 30 years.

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