According to recent studies, the South Pole warmed up three times faster than the rest of the Earth over the past 30 years.
The temperature of Antarctica varies widely depending on the season and region, and for many years it was believed that the South Pole remained cool, even when the continent was heating up. Researchers from New Zealand, the United Kingdom, and the United States analyzed weather data from 60 years and used computer simulations to study what caused accelerated warming.
They found that higher temperatures in the western Pacific reduced atmospheric pressure over the Weddell Sea in the southern Atlantic Ocean for decades. This, in turn, increased the influx of warm air directly above the South Pole – since 1989, it has been heated by more than 1.83 ° C.
The authors of the study say that the tendency to natural warming is probably caused by anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases and could mask the heating effect of carbon pollution.
The data showed that the South Pole – the most remote place on Earth – is currently heating at a speed of around 0.6 ° C for a decade, compared with 0.2 ° C for the rest of the planet.
The results are published in the journal Nature Climate Change.