Scientists at the University of Bologna in Italy have denied the version according to which Neanderthals disappeared due to climate change.
The study, revealing the truth about the extinction of ancient people and published in the journal Nature Ecology & Evolution.
Scientists analyzed samples of stalagmites collected from caves in the Italian region of Apulia. This allowed them to reconstruct the climate of the last ice age, which ended 11.7 thousand years ago. By the content of isotopes of carbon and oxygen in stalagmites, it is possible to determine the amount of rain and the condition of the soil at certain periods of time.
It turned out that climate changes 42-45 thousand years ago, when Neanderthals lived on the Murga plateau and coexisted with Homo sapiens, were insignificant and there were no strong and prolonged droughts. According to scientists, this refutes the assumption about the influence of climate on the extinction of Neanderthals in this and other similar areas of the Mediterranean.
The hypothesis of the extinction of the Neanderthals 42 thousand years ago due to climate change has become widespread among the scientific community. Evidence for abrupt changes in weather conditions was found in the analysis of ice cores in Greenland and Europe. However, the Mediterranean climate remained mild.