American magazine Popular Mechanics has published a list of the 15 most important space missions in human history, which includes four programs implemented by the Soviet Union, and one project, implemented with the participation of Russia.
The Soviet Union’s most important achievements in astronautics were named: The launch of the first artificial earth satellite (the Sputnik-1 spacecraft was launched into Earth orbit in October 1957), the launch of the first man into space on the Vostok rocket with the spacecraft of the same name (Yuri Gagarin became the first man in April 1961), the sending of the first woman into space (Valentina Tereshkova in June 1963) and the first successful soft landing on another planet (the Venus 7 spacecraft to Venus in December 1970).
Also on the publication’s list is the International Space Station, whose deployment began by Russia in November 1998.
Among other achievements are named, in particular, the Mariner 4 mission (first picture of another planet), Apollo 11 (first man on the moon), Voyager 1 (mission to interstellar space), Cassini – Huygens (mission to Saturn and its satellites), Pathfinder (first rover to Mars), Hubble and Kepler space observatories. Also mentioned are the Apollo 13 mission incident, the crash that occurred on the 25th Space Shuttle mission, and the first successful landing of the first stage of the Falcon 9 rocket.
In May, TASS, citing acting NASA CFO Steve Shinn, reported that the agency’s budget request for fiscal year 2022 does not include the purchase of seats for American astronauts on Russian Soyuz spacecraft.