Two US problems

Two problems are brewing in America. First, there is a deadline by which Trump has demanded to impose a ban on downloading the Chinese social network TikTok to smartphones in the United States. Secondly, although this social network is considered more and more musical and entertainment, but it also manifested such a problem as the revolt of voters and electors. And in the States, citizens elect the president not indirectly, but through the collegium.

According to the latest polls, 65% of US residents surveyed would like to elect the president directly. On your own. And this is the desire of many generations of Americans.

From the 18th century, when the electoral college first appeared, to the present day, more than 700 proposals have come to Congress with amendments to the electoral system. Among the dissatisfied are the electors themselves. Demarches happen regularly. After all, they do not vote with their hearts, but must simply repeat the choice of the residents of the state.

One voter – one vote is not about the United States. Although the Americans go to the polls, they do not elect the president, but the electors who will vote on behalf of the residents of the state. It has been this way since the days of the founding fathers. In the 18th century, not everyone was educated, knew the latest news. Residents of the state trusted authoritative fellow countrymen with a responsible step. The electors made the choice for them.

“James Madison – the founding father, the founder of the Constitution, hated the electoral system. He called for its abolition in the 19th century, but the United States still has not done this. That is why the United States cannot be called a full-fledged democracy,” said Peter Kuznik, professor of American history. University of Washington.

“The bottom line was that if you gave people the opportunity to vote. And vote for a person who was never elected. It would be too easy for demagogues, stirring up anger, playing on fears. They would encourage voters: choose me, and I I’ll save you, “said Howard Schweber, professor of political science at the University of Wisconsin.

To win, a candidate needs only 270 votes, that is, a simple majority, because there are 538 electors throughout the country. The number depends on the population of the state. And here with the famous “winner takes all” you can win in North and South Dakota, Wyoming, Montana, Vermont, Connecticut, New Hampshire, West Virginia and take only 31 votes. Whereas a victory in the most populous California, will immediately bring 55 electoral votes.

The states remember how in 2000 Al Gore, elected by the majority of Americans, did not find support from the electors, George W. Bush took over the Oval Office. Donald Trump also came to the White House. 3 million more voters were for Hillary Clinton, but Trump had the majority of the electoral votes, and he is the president.

About half of Americans are not ready to hear this again. And the vast majority of TikTok users. The president does not let them sing, dance and laugh – a harmless Chinese application collects data from Americans, Trump said. The Chinese company was offered to sell the brainchild to businessmen in the United States.

This is how TikTok became musical-dance-political. They are not only dissatisfied with Trump, but also the archaic electoral system. Young users want to vote themselves.

For example, there is only one box and one tick for Hillary Clinton. But the elector entered his candidate. An unscrupulous elector is immediately changed, and in some states they are also fined. There were 7 such demarches in the 2016 elections at once, and this is an incredible number. America may see even more apostates in the coming elections.

“The rift between legislators and voters has grown stronger. We have extremely biased federal parliamentarians who would rather appoint electors who share their views than those who could reflect the mood of the state. We could easily have a constitutional crisis,” says Howard Schweber …

The clumsy system has been trying to budge over the past few years. 15 states plus the District of Columbia signed up to the agreement. They are ready to pass the votes of their electors to the candidate who won not in their state, but nationwide. Based on their number of signatories, this is 197 electors, but, as you know, 270 plus 1. And as soon as the rest join, then not the winner will receive everything, but the country will receive direct popular elections.