UN Secretary General António Guterres believes the time has come to declare a climate emergency. He called on world leaders to do so during the online summit.
According to the Secretary General, it should be done until the moment when carbon neutrality is achieved, which implies that all carbon dioxide emissions are compensated by special projects when carbon dioxide is absorbed from the atmosphere.
Guterres also said that the commitments made by countries in the Paris Climate Agreement have not been fulfilled, that carbon dioxide concentrations have reached record levels, that the temperature on Earth today is higher than it was before the industrial revolution.
The Paris climate agreement was adopted in 2015. It is the first global climate agreement signed by more than 190 countries. It defines a global plan of action to curb global warming. The agreement does not involve a complete phase-out of fossil fuels, but all parties must take steps to reduce emissions.