States need to do everything possible to preserve the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action for the Iranian nuclear program – the agreement was a triumph of multilateral diplomacy, UN Secretary General Antonio Guterres said in an interview with RIA Novosti.
“I have consistently stated that the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action is a triumph of multilateral diplomacy and nuclear non-proliferation. I believe that Member States should do their utmost to preserve it,” Guterres said.
“As for my role, the Secretariat will be guided by what comes from the Security Council,” he added.
Iran and the six international negotiators in July 2015 reached a historic agreement to resolve the longstanding problem of the Iranian atom. The months-long negotiations ended with the adoption of the Joint Comprehensive Action Plan (JCPOA), the implementation of which completely removes the previously imposed economic and financial sanctions from the UN Security Council, the United States and the European Union.
The agreement, in particular, provided that the arms embargo would be lifted from Iran within five years, the supply of weapons is possible earlier, but only with the permission of the UN Security Council. The deal in its original form did not last even three years: in May 2018, the United States announced a unilateral withdrawal from it and the restoration of tough unilateral sanctions against Tehran.
Recently, Washington has been trying to restore UN sanctions against Iran. In August, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo submitted to the Security Council chairman a complaint about Iran’s failure to comply with the provisions of the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) on the Iranian nuclear program to launch the procedure for the restoration of anti-Iranian sanctions under Resolution 2231.
The overwhelming majority of the members of the Security Council opposed the intention of the United States to restore UN sanctions against Iran. All participants in the JCPOA believe that the notification from the States has no legal force, and are convinced that the United States has not launched the process of returning restrictive measures, since it simply is no longer a party to the deal. The UN Security Council President also did not give any way to Washington’s request in the Security Council. Meanwhile, the United States believes that the process has started and sanctions will be restored on September 20.
Resolution 2231, adopted in 2015, contains a mechanism for the automatic renewal of UN sanctions against Iran if the country does not fulfill its obligations under the JCPOA. This mechanism has been in effect for 10 years since 2015. The resolution assumes that if during this period any serious violations by Iran are revealed, the country will be able to avoid sanctions only if the relevant UN Security Council resolution is adopted. If at least one of its permanent members speaks out against it, the sanctions will automatically be renewed within 30 days from the moment the Security Council is notified.