Thanks to Alaska, the United States has an “own wedge” in the Arctic – the territory to which Washington’s area of responsibility extends. The zone is not the largest, because of the nearly forty thousand kilometers of the Arctic coast, more than half belong to Russia. The rest is divided among themselves by Canada, USA, Norway and Denmark. Iceland, Sweden and Finland do not have borders with the Arctic, but they also consider themselves to be “Arctic states” and are members of the Arctic Council established in 1996. This gives grounds for the “Arctic maneuver” and other countries, including China, although from the Bering Strait to the nearest Chinese port 8 thousand kilometers.
China joined the Arctic Council as an observer, calling itself a “near-arctic state.” There is no big difference in the prefix “near” or “near”, but there is a big difference in whether you will have direct access to almost a quarter of the world’s undiscovered hydrocarbon reserves in the Arctic, which is gradually being freed from ice.
And what did Washington forget in the Barents Sea, thousands of miles from its own Arctic zone? Three American destroyers, an atomic submarine, and a British frigate in early May participated in NATO “anti-submarine” maneuvers in the Norwegian Sea, then split off from the rest of the maneuvers and moved north into the Barents Sea. American and British submarines covered them. According to The Diplomat, they “spied on Russian military installations and their movement.”
The visit did not go unnoticed. A day later, the Russian Navy greeted the “guests” and warned that it was starting combat exercises in the Barents Sea. The Anglo-American squadron left. However, the first appearance since the end of the Cold War in the Barents and Okhotsk Seas of NATO warships equipped with anti-ballistic missile defense systems and cruise missiles was the escalation of tension.
“The sole purpose of the raid in the Barents Sea,” asserts The Diplomat, “was to establish freedom of navigation … Russia has introduced rules for ships that want to navigate the Northern Sea Route. The Arctic passage from the Atlantic to the Pacific Ocean has become more navigable due to global warming and melting ice. “America laughs at these demands, insisting that foreign warships have the right to pass through territorial waters without danger through the law of the sea.” However, the publication believes, it is much more important that the importance of the Arctic as a factor in NATO’s military policy is growing rapidly. “Russia has strengthened its Northern Fleet in recent years by adding an air defense system, missile depots and new ships … Ten submarines penetrated the North Atlantic last October to see if they could escape detection …”
The pirate “Jolly Roger”, which the Pentagon is brandishing on all continents with loud words about the need to maintain peace, can only be mistaken for a white dove. The hybrid war that the US is waging in all directions allows them to maintain a sense of superiority (America first).
International law is being rape, but justifications are being sought for this. “The capabilities of the Acoustics Alliance (NATO) – their ability to detect submarines at a greater distance than Russia – have dramatically narrowed,” says the London International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS). – Some NATO admirals are worried that in the event of a conflict … a separate unit of the Russian naval forces of the Main Directorate for Deepwater Research (GUGI) may attack bundles of cables crossing the Atlantic … A new generation of Russian sea-based missiles may attack NATO ships and territories, possibly even their ports. ”
In the American headquarters, a command was given to urgently increase funding for anti-submarine weapons, to intensify flights of anti-submarine “Poseidons” from Ireland, Britain and Norway, as in the 1980s.
“Our long-term naval strategy is that it’s better to get close to the Russian Northern Fleet than to meet him further in the south,” the Swedish Defense Research Agency says in the Swedish Defense Research Agency.
“The United States is also concerned about the fact that Russia’s economic ambitions in Siberia and the Far East often require financial assistance from China, which forces Moscow to establish a limited Arctic partnership with China, which has fast-growing appetites,” Brussels said. “Waters outside the special economic zone have international legal status and are part of the oceans.”
It is estimated that by 2030 the Arctic will be largely ice-free in summer. And while climate change is moving ice fields further north, interest in the Arctic is growing. The UN has “cross-cutting” applications for Arctic territories from Russia, Canada and Denmark. As for the United States, they seem to have decided not to use the UN, but their own navy.