Why women have an easier time with coronavirus

Why women have an easier time with coronavirus

Why women have an easier time with coronavirus

A study has found that women are less likely to have serious COVID symptoms and have a significantly lower mortality rate.

US scientists have suggested that women have a lower burden of coronavirus than men because of their sex hormones. The findings were published in the journal CellPress
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The evidence suggests that men and the elderly have more severe symptoms and higher mortality after infection with SARS-CoV-2 than women.

In addition, men and women exposed to other viral infections also show differences in disease course and outcomes, with women being less susceptible overall due to a more effective immune response.

This suggested that female sex hormones help the body fight COVID-19.

Scientists carried out a study in which they infected mice with a mild form of the coronavirus. The male specimens had a mortality rate of 90% and only 20% in the female specimens. In the more severe form of coronavirus, all males died within five days while 50% of females survived.

Specialists have linked these facts to the protective role of oestrogen and progesterone, which have anti-inflammatory effects, stimulate antibody production and promote respiratory epithelial cell regeneration.

It is noted that further clinical trials should test whether these hormones benefit post-menopausal men and women who are at high risk of developing severe COVID-19 symptoms.